In stressful situations, we try to control our emotions. And since the reaction has not been realized, the body will become more and more tense until the emotions go out.
This condition favors the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
What is the autonomic nervous system
Part of the human nervous system is called the autonomic system. It autonomously regulates important body functions.
For example, atmospheric pressure can change. The system captures these changes and gives such a tone to the vessels that it is balanced with this atmospheric pressure. That is, the internal pressure of a person must adapt to atmospheric pressure, and the autonomic nervous system is responsible for this process.
Another example, a person smells food, the system immediately sends an impulse to the stomach to secrete gastric juice.
If it’s hot, then the autonomic nervous system will command the body to sweat, dilate blood vessels and give off heat.
Also, with various experiences, the autonomic nervous system actively participates in their implementation. For example, a person’s heart rate increases. In order to physically prepare the muscles, nourish them with oxygen.
Under stress, a command will also go to the immune system and pupils in order to better see the danger, as well as other mechanisms that are involved in protection are triggered.
Symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia
In our life, stress occurs so often and for so long that the autonomic nervous system is constantly in a state of increased activity. As a result, the nervous system and physiological mechanisms are depleted.
Women suffer from this disease more often than men. In adolescents and pregnant women, it manifests itself due to hormonal changes in the body.
What are the symptoms of this disease:
- Syndrome of dysfunction of the heart. Changes in heart rate (tachycardia, bradycardia), stabbing, pressing and burning pains in the region of the heart.
- Vascular spasms.
- Panic attacks.
- Loose stools or constipation.
- Violation of thermoregulation (becomes hot or, on the contrary, hands and feet freeze).
- Breathlessness, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, cough.
- Dizziness, ringing in the ears.
- Increased fatigue, decreased performance, manifestation of general weakness.
Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia
First of all, we remind you that only a qualified specialist can correctly establish a diagnosis and prescribe treatment. No need to self-medicate. A list of experienced neurologists is given in the catalog https://spb.napopravku.ru/doctors/nevrolog/.
Treatment of VVD does not come down to treating the heart, stomach, immune system, since the problem comes from the nervous system. It is important to understand what contributed to this disease. This may be a psychological feature, a combination of emotionality with good self-control, trauma, intrauterine hypoxia, a chronic infectious disease, severe stress, or other emotions that have not received discharge.
Treatment will be based on finding the cause of this condition. First, the heart and immune system are examined. Find out why a person is constantly sick with infectious diseases. Examine the vessels. If everything is in order with the organs, then it is concluded that this is nothing but the VVD. They do an electroencephalogram and see how the brain works in general. Treatment is based on the results of the examination.
Means are used that relieve tension, anxiety, improve sleep and nourish the nervous system. Psychotherapy is often used. In this case, the task is to teach a person so that the reaction does not cause such a violent response in the body. It is important to switch, utilize stress.
The treatment of the disease can be helped by physical exercises. Moreover, the type of training is unimportant. The main thing is that the body becomes stronger due to the loads.
To summarize, this disease is completely curable. It is very important for a person suffering from VVD to play sports and stop smoking and alcohol.