Rules for carrying baggage and hand luggage on an airplane

Resting, we try to be ready for any weather, and therefore we collect voluminous luggage with things necessary for different occasions. This creates some comfort on vacation, but causes problems in transporting luggage. All things that are taken on a trip are sent to luggage.

Rules for carrying baggage and hand luggage on an airplane

It is put on tape at the airport. Hand luggage is taken on board the aircraft with you. But it should not be very voluminous, otherwise they will not let you in. There are certain restrictions on what you can take on board an aircraft.


There are also certain baggage allowances that restrict the carrying of items in your bags and carry-on baggage. You can carry baggage under different conditions, which depends on:

  • airlines;
  • flight directions;
  • service class.

The official website of the airline usually indicates the rules and regulations for the carriage of baggage. For those who travel frequently, there are so-called Frequent Traveler bonus programs.

There are also restrictions on the size of luggage (length + height + width of the suitcase should not exceed 158 cm for economy class and 203 cm for business class and first class). Moreover, if you fly with different airlines (two or more), then the rules are dictated by the airline that carries out most of the route.

The free baggage allowance is indicated on the ticket. It also depends on the class of service and the airline. The highest restrictions are in economy class.

As a rule, each major airport has a scale and a “suitcase measure” (length, width and height). Before checking in a suitcase, you can measure it and find out if it qualifies for free baggage allowance. If there is an overweight, you can re-sort things and take some in hand luggage.

We advise, upon returning home, not to take a lot of holiday trophies as souvenirs, such as: sea pebbles, bottles of liquid, etc. They will make the luggage heavy, and you will have to pay for it as for overweight.

For exceeding the baggage allowance (by size and weight), a fee of 50-100 euros is charged. Although some carriers may not pay attention to one or two extra pounds of luggage. But this is rather an exception to the rule.

If several people are traveling, then you can add up the amount of kilograms of luggage allowed for transportation. But at the same time, each suitcase should not exceed more than 20 (sometimes 32) kg.

A child is entitled to free travel until they reach the age of 2. The baggage allowance for it without payment is 10 kg.

Baggage check-in

Most airlines have been providing online check-in for a long time. Due to this service, you have the opportunity to check in for a flight without leaving your home and choose convenient seats for your company and yourself. In this case, baggage is accepted:

  • No queue. This service remained exclusively at small and medium-sized airports. As a rule, passengers who have completed online check-in are given the right to check in their luggage without standing in line.
  • On the luggage “Drop-off” rack. After the boarding pass is presented, you will be printed out a baggage tag, after which it is glued to the suitcase. Baggage is then sent for loading on the belt.
  • By means of a “self-service baggage drop-of” machine. Put your luggage on the belt. Next, bring your boarding pass or passport. The machine will determine your flight number, weigh your luggage and display the data. It is mandatory to check the coincidence of the specified information with the real one. After the correctness of the data is confirmed by you, a luggage tag will be printed, which must be attached to the suitcase.

Also, the machine will weigh your luggage, and in case of overweight, it will automatically determine the amount of the surcharge. The required fee can be paid “on the spot” by means of a bank card. A plastic Visa card must be inserted into the slot, for excess baggage, the fee will be deducted automatically.

Carry-on baggage rules

Hand luggage is the items you take with you on board the aircraft. Let’s look at the possible restrictions and options that are set by airlines.

The “golden rule” is to transport valuables (electronic gadgets, jewelry, money, documents) in hand luggage. Under no circumstances should these items be checked in as baggage.

  • valuables may be damaged or stolen;
  • suitcase can get lost.

Like baggage, hand baggage has free allowances and dimensions, which are also dictated by the air carrier.

Established hand luggage allowance:

  • no more than 55x40x23cm in size;
  • by weight up to 10 kg.

Most airports have carry-on baggage meters. You comply with the established restrictions if your bag fits inside the machine. If the bag does not fit into the machine, it must either be reduced or checked in as baggage. For this reason, it is not recommended to carry large bags as hand luggage.

The following items are not allowed in the aircraft cabin:

  • Cutting and piercing objects (knitting needles, corkscrews, nail scissors, penknives).
  • Weapon (any).
  • Heavy objects that can be used as a striking weapon (baseball bat).
  • Other potentially dangerous items.

Electronic devices are allowed to be carried in the cabin. There are also restrictions on the use of such devices:

  • Allowed use: hearing aids, pacemakers, electronic wristwatches.
  • Disconnected during landing and takeoff: electronic toys, various players, photographic and video equipment, electronic books, portable computers and similar devices.
  • Disabled for the duration of the flight: remote control devices, radio transmitters, networked wireless devices and mobile phones.

Rules for the carriage of liquids and restrictions

This rule exists in order to ensure the safety of passengers on board the aircraft. Any liquids (gels, aerosols, perfumes, creams, etc.) must be contained in 100 ml packages, the number of such packages should not exceed ten pieces. Those. the total volume of liquid carried in the aircraft cabin is 1 liter.

As an exception – medicines and food, which must be presented during a personal search. In the case of syringes and medicines, you should additionally carry a doctor’s certificate with you that you really need them for personal use.

Items that were purchased from Duty-free. For liquids and goods purchased at duty-free outlets (perfumes, alcohol), volume and size restrictions do not apply. Such goods are allowed to be transported on the plane only if there is a receipt and in the case of undamaged packaging.

What to do in case of lost luggage

Sometimes the luggage of its owners is not found. According to statistics, approximately 5-11 percent of luggage is lost (data not confirmed, bit by bit taken from the Internet). Even if the baggage was lost, 99% are returned to the owners within a few days. About 1% of luggage is permanently lost (mainly due to theft).

Common causes of lost luggage:

  • 23% – did not have time to download;
  • 52% – for transit flights;
  • 16% – error during baggage check or check-in;
  • 9% – other errors.

In case of loss of baggage, the airline must compensate for its cost. Under the Warsaw Convention, the mandatory minimum compensation amount is $22 per kilogram, and carriers rarely pay more.

For this reason, in order to get your luggage safe and sound, follow these simple rules:

  • Please check the correct destination when checking in your luggage.
  • Be sure to keep the ticket with a barcode that was received during the check-in of luggage until the end of the trip.
  • Remove any old stickers from your suitcase. Airport workers should not be confused. Otherwise, your luggage will fly to the place where you spent your vacation last time.
  • Between flights, plan at least 60 minutes if the flight is carried out with transfers. Otherwise, there is a high probability that your luggage will simply not be transported from the plane to another plane.
  • Do not transport things in a decrepit suitcase. Loaders do not stand on ceremony with luggage, your things may fall out, while no one will collect them.
  • Sign your bag (address, phone number, full name). Such a suitcase in case of loss will be much easier to find and return.
  • It will not be superfluous to make your suitcase visible – mark it with a ribbon or a bright sticker. Another passenger will not accidentally take it with him.

If your luggage has been lost, you should contact the Lost and Found Office. After filling out certain forms, the airline and airport staff will search for your suitcase. Some airlines give out cash as compensation. This kind of “pocket funds” can be spent by you on the purchase of the required, but lost things (clothing, linen, toiletries).

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