In the autumn-winter season, the skin does not change for the better — it becomes dry, inflamed and acquires a heterogeneous color. We understand why this happens and how to fix it.
In the cold season, skin cells exfoliate more slowly, making the skin texture uneven. This leads to a delay in sebum (sebum) on the skin, an increase in the number of bacteria and, as a result, inflammation on the face.
Dryness and roughness of the skin in winter is caused by a violation of its water balance due to temperature differences — being in a room with central heating, traveling in transport.
That is why in each of the seasons, including in the cold season, you need to adjust your skin care in the same way as every few months you change your wardrobe. Like clothing, skin care products should be chosen thoughtfully, understanding the purpose and system of their use.
There are seven main rules for skin care in winter.
1. Use gentle exfoliators
It is logical to assume that exfoliating the skin in winter can make it even drier. This risk does exist, but this does not mean that you should stop using exfoliants during the cold season. Exfoliation of the skin is important to carry out all year round — it helps to accelerate its regeneration and improves the absorption properties. In winter, you just need to use less harsh tools. This will avoid irritation.
So, instead of a scrub with abrasive particles, use gommage with spherical synthetic particles or an exfoliant cream containing low concentrations of ANA-and BHA-acids.
The frequency of use of exfoliants depends on the type of skin:
- for dry skin — once a week;
- for combination and oily skin — twice a week.
2. Use vitamin C creams and serums
Vitamin C can help keep your skin looking radiant during the colder months. It brightens and strengthens the skin, stimulates the production of collagen (so that the skin retains moisture better) and helps protect it from external aggressors.
What’s more, it also helps repair damage. So, in the summer months, the skin is exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays, which lead to photo-damage and premature aging. The use of vitamin C will help to reverse these damages, maintain an even skin tone and texture, and enhance its natural radiance.
When choosing products with vitamin C content, pay attention to the Ascorbic acid component in the first ten positions of the composition. Its presence guarantees the content of vitamin C concentration, which will not irritate the skin (5-10%).
3. Keep your skin hydrated at all times
In winter, you should add a serum containing high – and low-molecular hyaluronic acid, azulene and Centella Asiatica extract to your usual moisturizer. These components will not only be able to penetrate the deep layers of the epidermis and nourish it with moisture, but also restore damaged areas of the skin.
When choosing a moisturizer, pay attention to the texture. Fluids and emulsions are not suitable for the winter period — these light moisturizers are ideal for most skin types in the summer. If the air temperature is low and the central heating is running, you need to switch to cream. A thicker texture will seal the moisture inside and play the role of a winter coat for the skin.
4. Change the texture of your facial cleanser
If you used a gel-textured or foaming facial cleanser in the summer, then as soon as the temperature started to drop, you should change it to a cream-gel or a product with a cream or oil formula.
In winter, the skin produces less sebum, which protects the upper layers of the epidermis from drying out. Therefore, careful cleansing with milder products will help prevent excessive sebum removal and preserve the hydro-lipid protective mantle.
You can still use creams, oils, balms, and micellar water to remove makeup during the colder months. These products effectively remove makeup and deeply clean the pores without disturbing the hydrolipidic oil balance.
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5. Adjust the care of problem skin
For oily skin and acne-prone skin, you should reduce the amount of clay-based cleansing and mattifying masks in winter. Try applying hydrating masks two to three times a week.
For additional hydration, you can use moisturizing masks that do not require rinsing at night. For acne-prone skin, pay attention to the composition — it should not contain paraffin, mineral oil and shea butter.
6. Use products with SPF even in cloudy weather
It is important that SPF is an integral part of skin care in winter, as UV rays are also active at this time of year. In addition, solar radiation can enter through windows. Apply sunscreen daily to the face and other exposed areas of the skin, such as the neck, ears, and hands.
7. Review your lip, hand, and body care routine
In cold, uncomfortable weather, you just want to take a hot shower. However, hot water quickly dries out the skin, and if you do not moisturize it immediately, it can develop flaking spots and cracks. Patients with chronic skin conditions, such as eczema or atopic dermatitis, are at risk of having their problems worsen.
Take a warm shower with detergents that have an oily or thick cream texture and do not form a heavy foam. After showering, apply a moisturizer with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, wheat germ, vitamin A, urea, ceramides. This will preserve the moisture barrier and prevent dryness.
The skin on the hands has fewer sebaceous glands compared to the skin on any other part of the body. This is why moisture is quickly removed from the skin of the hands, increasing the risk of cracking and itching. In winter, be sure to apply a moisturizer to your hands 30 minutes before leaving the house, and don’t forget to wear gloves outside.
To moisturize and retain moisture in the skin of the feet, choose creams based on glycerin and vaseline. Also, exfoliate the skin around your feet from time to time. This will allow her to easily absorb the moisturizer.
The skin on the lips is thinner than on the rest of the face, which makes it more susceptible to the damaging effects of cold and wind. To replenish hydration and protect the skin, it is necessary to wear lip balm not only during the day, but also at night, when the high temperature in the room and even breathing through the mouth can worsen dryness.